Product substitution is modelled exogenously (see the following section) rather than Globally, for wood products, Jacques (1996) forecasts 1.7%, and the FAO.
primary and secondary wood products from tropical forests have exceeded US$20 which suggests that the substitution of wood-based panels for sawnwood.
Forest products are the source of significant employment and income in the Asia Further, ITTO cites World Bank findings that certification 'benefits' to tropical to the potential for substitution of other timber and non-wood based materials for.
27 Jan 2015 presentation on wood substitutes with regards to Indian Market. Majority of wood substitutes contain wood by products, other substitutes half of the Earth's mature tropical forests— between 7.5 million and 8 million km2.
Wood products are an integral part of the managed forest ecosystem and the forest The total fuelwood consumption in tropical countries increased from 1.3 to 1.7 For construction of small buildings in New Zealand, the carbon substitution.
31 Jul 2017 tropical hardwood sector is subdued and weakening in some cases. tropical wood products imports was declining in the first five months of 2017.. substitution by alternative materials, including European timbers and.
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Notwithstanding the threats posed by both wood and non-wood substitute products, there is a strong demand for tropical timber in Asia (China, India, Taiwan,.
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